A bed is only a functional and comfortable place to sleep when it is equipped with the right mattress and matching slatted frame. First of all, two important requirements are placed on the mattress: It has to adapt to the entire body when lying down or asleep while at the same time providing good support so that the spine is ergonomically well-positioned. These properties of the mattress should also be maintained when changing sleeping positions.
Different mattress types are offered in the trade, which are characterized by very different skills and bring different advantages and disadvantages. In this article we will inform you about mattresses in general and details about individual mattress types.
The optimal body adaptation
In supine position, the mattress should follow the shape of the spine so that it is stored in its natural double S shape. It is important that the thigh and upper body form a horizontal line and no angle is created by a low-lying mattress. Now for more visit thebest-mattress.org.
If you turn on your side, your shoulders and hips should sink into the mattress just enough to make the spine a horizontal straight line. If one chooses a too soft or too hard mattress, the posture is not sufficiently or strongly supported. This can tilt the shoulder and pelvic area. Such aposition is often the cause of sleep disorders. Excessive pressure points can also restrict blood flow and lead to drowsy hands or even arms.
Mattresses and the sleeping environment
In addition to optimal adaptability, a mattress must be able to absorb and release moisture. In this case, an adequate supply of air from below – in other words, from the lower back – plays an important role.
To ensure good bed hygiene, it makes sense to pay attention to a removable and washable mattress cover. If this is also quilted with a climate fleece that can absorb moisture, you get a dry-warm sleeping climate. However, since the sleeping climate depends only partly on the mattress, the use of a suitable blanket for an optimal result is essential.
The different mattress types and their properties:
Latex mattresses provide a soft and comfortable feeling and have the greatest elasticity. They are characterized by a high dimensional stability. In order to achieve the necessary support force, latex mattresses should have a slightly thicker core. Despite the relative softness of latex, the body is optimally supported while lying down.
High-quality latex mattresses are very durable and last ten years without any problems. Like all other types of mattresses, latex mattresses are available in different degrees of hardness so that people with a higher body weight will find a suitable mattress made of latex.
Cold foam mattresses, in contrast to latex mattresses, have a very low dead weight and a surface-elastic surface. Its core has a high supporting power and a long service life. Because every mattress has to be turned regularly, the handling of this mattress is a bit more comfortable.
In addition, cold foam mattresses are characterized by good air permeability and breathability. They are also available in different degrees of hardness.
Memory foam mattresses
The foam mattresses adapt to the body shape due to their own body temperature and “remember” their contours for a few seconds after unloading. The body is ideally and almost weightlessly bedded in every position, which can alleviate back problems and other discomforts. For people who sleep very restlessly, the mattresses are usually not suitable because it comes through with movement restrictions.
The foam mattresses were originally developed as products for medical supply stores, because they offer bedridden persons optimum sleeping comfort. Visco-foam mattresses are now to be found in every good bed specialist shop because of their remarkable properties.
Gel mattresses are among the innovations of recent years, because they combine the positive properties of cold foam.
Thus, these mattresses offer the exact adaptability and the almost weightless feeling of lying visco foam, but independent of temperature. Another advantage of gel foam mattresses: They have fast recovery ability and do not remember body contours, which is why they are also suitable for restless sleeping people.
Advantages and disadvantages of a gel foam mattress
- Optimal pressure relief through the reduction of pressure points and thus better blood circulation of tissue.
- The spine is supported by the stronger foam base, thus relieving the musculature.
- Reacts the same with warmth and cold: gel foam is equally soft in summer and winter and therefore ideal for people who prefer to do without the temperature-dependent foam, because they sleep very cool or leave the window open in the cold season.
- High longevity: If you turn the mattress regularly, it will provide you with a very good lying quality for up to 10 years.
For people with a higher body weight, who sleep mostly on the stomach, gel foam mattresses are not suitable. Here it can come through the superficial sinking and the insufficient support effect of the lower foam layer to sag in the middle of the body.
It can only be combined with high-quality slatted frames with narrow strip distances, as otherwise foam gets pressure points and is permanently damaged.
Some innerspring mattresses are also proven (eco-test magazine “Build, Housing, Renovate 2006”) to occur on magnetic fields that have strong deviations from the natural geomagnetic field. Persons who are very sensitive to magnetic fields can also be negatively affected in their sleep.
Good ventilation: ideal for heavy sweating, no mold growth
Pocket and barrel pocket spring mattresses: very good elasticity
Relatively inexpensive and usable with any simple slatted base
In times of resource scarcity and greater awareness of sustainability, natural mattresses are experiencing a revival. Depending on the quality and manufacturing process, these mattresses consist of parts or entirely renewable raw materials.
As varied as the materials used, the feeling of sleep and the effect on the bed climate are so different. But they all have one thing in common: natural mattresses try to make optimum use of the natural properties of each raw material.